What is tomato? 🍅 Is it a fruit or vegetable? When we go to the grocery store we say we will buy vegetables as tomato. But is tomato vegetable? Tomato is actually botanically a fruit. But the most interesting fact comes from how some of the states in the United States classify tomato. As example, in some instances historically the State of New Jersey considered tomatoes as vegetable, while the state of Oho considers tomatoes as fruit. What about the state of Arkansas? The state look at tomatoes as both vegetable and fruits over time.
Spain was the first country to bring tomatoes to European population around 15th century.
Guess where is tomato’s country of origin? Tomato is from South America. Spain were the first country to bring tomatoes to European population around 15th century. Spain as well as many Mediterranean countries have tomatoes as an important ingredient in many recipes. In grocery store there may varieties of tomatoes as beefsteak tomatoes, plum tomatoes, cherry tomatoes, grape tomatoes and many others including yellow, red, purples and other, but the actual variety of fruits come to about 10,000 of types of juicy delicious tomatoes. Some estimates put the number higher or lower but within many thousands anyway.
Tomato has 95% water.
Tomatoes are full of lycopene which is a type of antioxidant. Lycopene is good for health and protect from cancer. It is a good resource of virable that include such vitamins as vitamin K, potassium, magnesium, vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B6 and Vitamin E as well as dietary fiber. Tomato has 95% water.
China is the number one producer of tomatoes around the world.
There are numerous producers of tomatoes. However, the two major economies are in the top 3 producers of the tomatoes. China is the number one producer of tomatoes around the world. The U.S. is third. Nonetheless, the statistics change. In 2016, world production of tomatoes was 177 million tons, with China accounting for 32% of the total, followed by the European Union, India, the United States, and Turkey as the major producers. In 2017 the production of tomatoes was 188 million tons. There are various estimated but generally they show the growth of around 3% a year in production over time. The global tomato market is approaching $200 billion.
A lot of it is part of exports. Global tomato exports were valued at 85 billion US dollars in 2016. That number is growing. The average price for the tomato that is exported is more than $1 per kilogram. China is a big player in the market with around third of all world’s tomatoes produced. Countries as India have more than 20 millions of tons in tomatoes production. That is more than 10% of all the tomatoes produced. Together China and India produce more than 40% of world’s tomatoes. Nonetheless, many of the expensive tomatoes are found in other countries as the final market destination. For example, grape tomato can cost 5 US dollars per pound and regular ones 3 times less.
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